RESEARCH PAPER
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 266-269

Effect of heparin and low-molecular weight heparin on serum potassium and sodium levels


1 Department of Pharmacology, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Tamaka, Kolar, India
2 Department of Medicine, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Tamaka, Kolar, India

Correspondence Address:
Girish M Bengalorkar
Department of Pharmacology, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Tamaka, Kolar 563 101, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0976-500X.85956

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Introduction: To study the effects of heparin and low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) on potassium and sodium levels in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and stroke. Materials and Methods : Sixty patients were recruited with 30 patients each receiving heparin and enoxaparin. Patients with CVD and stroke receiving heparin and LMWH were compared for their demographic profile and laboratory data, and this was analyzed by descriptive statistics. Risk factors associated with the development of hyperkalemia were analyzed using multiple logistic regression model. Results : There was an increase in potassium levels and decrease in sodium levels compared with baseline in both the groups. The difference between the groups with respect to sodium and potassium levels was not statistically significant. On analysis, the risk factors for development of hyperkalemia were baseline potassium levels, serum creatinine, and creatinine clearance. The change in sodium and potassium levels on the fifth day of therapy was increased with LMWH compared with heparin, although not statistically significant. Conclusions : The clinician should anticipate hyperkalemia especially in patients with renal impairment receiving these drugs.


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