REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13-18

Accessibility and use of essential medicines in health care: Current progress and challenges in India


Department of Pharmacy Practice, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Sector 67, Mohali, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Dipika Bansal
Department of Pharmacy Practice, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Sector 67, Mohali, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0976-500X.107642

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Essential Medicine Concept, a major breakthrough in health care, started in 1977 when World Health Organization (WHO) published its first list. Appropriate use of essential medicines is one of the most cost-effective components of modern health care. The selection process has evolved from expert evaluation to evidence-based selection. The first Indian list was published in 1996 and the recent revision with 348 medicines was published in 2011 after 8 years. Health expenditure is less in India as compared to developed countries. India faces a major challenge in providing access to medicines for its 1.2 billion people by focusing on providing essential medicines. In the future, countries will face challenges in selecting high-cost medicines for oncology, orphan diseases and other conditions. There is a need to develop strategies to improve affordable access to essential medicines under the current health care reform.


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