Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics

NEWS AND VIEWS
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 74-

Fish-oil-rich diet lowers bedsore symptoms by 20-25%


G Sivagnanam 
 Department of Pharmacology, Indira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Kadhirkamam, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
G Sivagnanam
Department of Pharmacology, Indira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Kadhirkamam, Puducherry
India




How to cite this article:
Sivagnanam G. Fish-oil-rich diet lowers bedsore symptoms by 20-25%.J Pharmacol Pharmacother 2013;4:74-74


How to cite this URL:
Sivagnanam G. Fish-oil-rich diet lowers bedsore symptoms by 20-25%. J Pharmacol Pharmacother [serial online] 2013 [cited 2019 Dec 7 ];4:74-74
Available from: http://www.jpharmacol.com/text.asp?2013/4/1/74/107694


Full Text

 News



"A diet rich in fish oils has been found to have a positive effect on bedsores, researchers from Tel Aviv University reported." [1]

 Re (Views)



Researchers have earlier shown that anti-inflammatory property of the ω-3 light-chain PUFAs and micronutrients improved the pulmonary function of critically ill patients which in turn improved tissue oxygenation, compared to those who received an isocaloric control formula. [2] Later another study found a reduced incidence of new pressure ulcers with the use of the specialized formula (containing eicosapentaenoic acid, gamma-linolenic acid, and antioxidants). [3]

With this background a recent randomized study has concluded that feeding formula enriched with fish oil was associated with decreased progression of pressure ulcers and a decrease in blood concentrations of C-reactive protein in patients with grade II pressure ulcers. [4]

The above study has stated in its exclusion criteria "…. conditions associated with markedly impaired immunity and/or wound healing, such as AIDS, autoimmune disorders, and treatment with immunosuppressive medications". The study has not given any breakup of clinical diagnosis, though a broad categorization (as medical, surgical, and trauma patients) has been provided. There also is a dearth of data regarding the mobility status, sensory impairment, continent status, presence of infection, other medications received by the patients, to mention a few.

However, the conclusion that nutritional support (addition of fish oil to the nutritional regimen) slows the progression of pressure ulcers should call for larger, well-designed studies including quality of life as well as pharmacoeconomic parameters.

References

1Available from: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/253771.php [Last accessed on 2012 Dec 10].
2Singer P, Theilla M, Fisher H, Gibstein L, Grozovski E, Cohen J. Benefit of an enteral diet enriched with eicosapentaenoic acid and gamma-linolenic acid in ventilated patients with acute lung injury. Crit Care Med 2006;34:1033-8.
3Theilla M, Singer P, Cohen J, Dekeyser F. A diet enriched in eicosapentanoic acid, gamma-linolenic acid and antioxidants in the prevention of new pressure ulcer formation in critically ill patients with acute lung injury: A randomized, prospective, controlled study. Clin Nutr 2007;26:752-7
4Theilla M, Schwartz B, Cohen J, Shapiro H, Anbar R, Singer P. Impact of a nutritional formula enriched in fish oil and micronutrients on pressure ulcers in critical care patients. Am J Crit Care 2012;21:e102-9.