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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 1: (a) Carbachol-treated group shows congestion, edema, and mucosal damage, (b) 400 mg/kg Carthamus tinctorius extract treated group shows protection of mucosal layer, (c) 200 mg/kg Carthamus tinctorius extract treated group shows protection of mucosal layer, (d) Cimetidine-treated group shows protection of mucosal layer, and (e) Verapamil-treated group shows protection of mucosal layer

Figure 1: (a) Carbachol-treated group shows congestion, edema, and mucosal damage, (b) 400 mg/kg Carthamus tinctorius extract treated group shows protection of mucosal layer, (c) 200 mg/kg Carthamus tinctorius extract treated group shows protection of mucosal layer, (d) Cimetidine-treated group shows protection of mucosal layer, and (e) Verapamil-treated group shows protection of mucosal layer