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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 4: Microscopic images of neuronal dendritic spines in the hippocampal region CA1 in male rats of different groups (5-μ thick sections, Golgi staining, magnification: ×100). Micrograph of the CA1 sections in the normal group (a), normal structure. Micrograph of the hippocampal region CA1 section in the NIC group (b), decreased number of dendritic spines due to the oxidative stress caused by NIC; micrograph of the hippocampal region CA1 section in the CUM (60 mg/kg) group (c), normal structure; micrograph of CA1 section in the NIC + CUM (30 mg/kg) group (d) and (60 mg/kg) (e) groups, normal structure; blue arrows representing the neuronal dendritic spines. NIC = Nicotine, CUM = Curcumin, CA1 = Cornu ammonis 1

Figure 4: Microscopic images of neuronal dendritic spines in the hippocampal region CA1 in male rats of different groups (5-μ thick sections, Golgi staining, magnification: ×100). Micrograph of the CA1 sections in the normal group (a), normal structure. Micrograph of the hippocampal region CA1 section in the NIC group (b), decreased number of dendritic spines due to the oxidative stress caused by NIC; micrograph of the hippocampal region CA1 section in the CUM (60 mg/kg) group (c), normal structure; micrograph of CA1 section in the NIC + CUM (30 mg/kg) group (d) and (60 mg/kg) (e) groups, normal structure; blue arrows representing the neuronal dendritic spines. NIC = Nicotine, CUM = Curcumin, CA1 = Cornu ammonis 1