Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 8-12

The effects of a single preanesthetic dose of dexmedetomidine on propofol induction, hemodynamics, and cardiovascular parameters

Department of Anaesthesia, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunil Baikadi Vasudevarao
Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpp.JPP_91_19

Rights and Permissions

Objective: To find out the dose of propofol consumption for induction and also the variation in hemodynamics following single-dose dexmedetomidine premedication. Methods: A total of 60 American Society of Anesthesiologists Class 1 and 2 patients aged between 18 and 80 years, posted for elective surgeries were randomized into two groups: Group C – premedication with 2 mcg/kg fentanyl and Group D – premedication with 1 mcg/kg dexmedetomidine + 2 mcg/kg fentanyl. Both groups were preloaded with 10 ml/kg crystalloid solution. The parameters measured were propofol requirements, heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), cardiac index (CI), cardiac output (CO), and stroke volume variation (SVV). Results: Propofol requirements were 26.6% lesser in Group D (P < 0.001). In Group C, HR was significantly low at baseline (P = 0.008), induction (P = 0.006), and at intubation (P = 0.001) in Group D. Cardiovascular parameters such as MAP (P = 0.007), CI (P = 0.038), and CO (P = 0.021) were significantly lower in Group D compared to Group C only at baseline. There were no differences at any other point during the study. SVV was noted to be significantly lower (P = 0.018) in Group D only at intubation. Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine decreases the requirements of propofol for induction and also attenuates the hemodynamic response to intubation. Cardiovascular parameters such as MAP, CI, and CO were significantly lower in Group D only at baseline. Hemodynamic stability is mainly attributed to adequate preloading and less propofol requirement in the dexmedetomidine group.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded134    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal